Jan 2, 2017

USB Communication with Python and PyUSB

Say we have a robot with a USB connection and command documentation. The only thing missing is knowing how to send a command over USB. Let's learn the basic concepts needed for that.

General Bunny catching Pokemon

Installing the Library

We'll use the pyusb Python library. On openSUSE we install it from the main RPM repository:

sudo zypper install python-usb

On other systems we can use the pip tool:

pip install --user pyusb

Navigating USB Concepts

To send a command, we need an Endpoint. To get to the endpoint we need to descend down the hierarchy of

  1. Device
  2. Configuration
  3. Interface
  4. Alternate setting
  5. Endpoint

First we import the library.

#!/usr/bin/env python2

import usb.core

The device is identified with a vendor:product pair included in lsusb output.

Bus 002 Device 043: ID 0694:0005 Lego Group

VENDOR_LEGO = 0x0694
device = usb.core.find(idVendor=VENDOR_LEGO, idProduct=PRODUCT_EV3)

A Device may have multiple Configurations, and only one can be active at a time. Most devices have only one. Supporting multiple Configurations is reportedly useful for offering more/less features when more/less power is available. EV3 has only one configuration.

configuration = device.get_active_configuration()

A physical Device may have multiple Interfaces active at a time. A typical example is a scanner-printer combo. An Interface may have multiple Alternate Settings. They are kind of like Configurations, but easier to switch. I don't quite understand this, but they say that if you need Isochronous Endpoints (read: audio or video), you must go to a non-primary Alternate Setting. Anyway, EV3 has only one Interface with one Setting.

interface = configuration[(INTERFACE_EV3, SETTING_EV3)]

An Interface will typically have multiple Endpoints. The Endpoint 0 is reserved for control functions by the USB standard so we need to use Endpoint 1 here.

The standard distinguishes between input and output endpoints, as well as four transfer types, differing in latency and reliability. The nice thing is that the Python library nicely allows to abstract all that away (unlike cough Ruby cough) and we simply say to write to a non-control Endpoint.

endpoint = interface[ENDPOINT_EV3]

# make the robot beep
command = '\x0F\x00\x01\x00\x80\x00\x00\x94\x01\x81\x02\x82\xE8\x03\x82\xE8\x03'

Other than Robots?

Robots are great fun but unfortunately they do not come bundled with every computer. Do you know of a device that we could use for demonstration purposes? Everyone has a USB keyboard and mouse but I guess the OS will claim them for input and not let you play.

What Next

The Full Script

Dec 12, 2016

Web Application Hosting with Heroku

I know Ruby but have little experience with web apps. If you're like me then this article could be useful.

I needed a way to browse API documentation of multiple related code repositories. (Yes, it's YaST).

I made a tool for that in the form of a web application. This was really easy with the Sinatra framework.

First I ran it locally on my machine for myself. Then I ran it on a machine in the company network for team mates to use. It was a VM that I repurposed from a previous experiment. Then Pepa said it would be nice to have it publicly accessible. How hard could that be?

I had heard that Heroku makes that sort of thing easy, and it turned to be true!

  1. It's free. A low profile app, that only needs to run occasionally, fits into their Free service plan. It sleeps after 30 minutes and takes 10 seconds to wake up.

  2. Easy to sign up. Enter your e-mail, pick a password. No other details required.

  3. Easy app creation: pick the region (US or EU). Optionally pick a name (I got salty-waters-71436 for my demo app).

  4. Easy to set up the tooling. Well, they install the curl | bash way. Over https. And then the downloaded code downloads some more.

    If you want to start small, the setup by hand is easy too, now download required:

    touch ~/.netrc
    chmod 600 ~/.netrc
    echo "machine git.heroku.com login YOUR_EMAIL password ffffffff-ffff-ffff-ffff-ffffffffffff" >> ~/.netrc

    Where the hex string is your API Key (Top-right Person icon > Account Setings > scroll down)

Now let's write a trivial web app.

  1. Make a git repo.
  2. Make a two-line Sinatra app.

    require "sinatra"
    get "/" { "Hello, world!" }
  3. Add a two-line Gemfile declaration; add also Gemfile.lock to Git.

    source "https://rubygems.org"
    gem "sinatra", "~> 1.4.0"
  4. Add a oneliner Procfile.

    web: bundle exec ./timeserver

    (This was new to me. It's not needed locally but needed for Heroku, and anyway useful once you outgrow oneliners. Use foreman start to use it)

  5. Use your app name as the remote repo name. Push to deploy (or set up automatic deployment):

    git remote add heroku https://git.heroku.com/salty-waters-71436.git
    git push heroku

That's it! See the app in action: https://salty-waters-71436.herokuapp.com/?q=1_500_000_000.

To see my actual app, instead of the trivial demo built for this blog post, go to http://apitalism.herokuapp.com/.

Aug 1, 2016

Virtual Machine from a Hard Disk Image with virt-install --import

This is one of many ways to create a virtual machine. This way starts with a hard disk image.

wget -O /var/lib/libvirt/images/$NAME $IMG
virt-install --name $NAME \
       --ram 2048 --graphics type=vnc \
       --network bridge=br0 \
       --import \
       --disk bus=virtio,path=/var/lib/libvirt/images/$NAME

For IMG I used a SUSE-internal server with SLEnkins images.
The tricky part is knowing the right value for the --disk bus setting. At first I used the default but the machine wouldn't boot because it would see /dev/sda instead of /dev/vda it was expecting.

May 27, 2016

Ruby Call Graph

Call-graph makes a call graph among methods of a single Ruby file.
I made it to help me orient myself in unfamiliar legacy code and to help identify cohesive parts that could be split out.
Yes, it is quick and dirty.


One file in YaST has around 2700 lines and 73 methods. The call graph below was made with
$ ./call-graph ../yast/packager/src/modules/Packages.rb
$ dot -Tpng -oPackages.png ../yast/packager/src/modules/Packages.dot
If the resulting size is too big, use ImageMagick:
$ convert Packages.png -resize 1200 Packages-small.png
Packages.png, an example output
Packages.png, an example output




Nov 12, 2015

Git: Single Line History

You get a bug report from a user:
/usr/lib/foo/bar.rb:432:in `doit': undefined method `[]' for nil:NilClass (NoMethodError)
but in bar.rb at the line 432 there are no square brackets. The user must be using an older version of the script. Can we find out which one without asking them?

Git can help. This code will go back in history and show the line how it appeared during the past. It's a history of a single line, kind of like "git blame" but in a different dimension.

git log --format=format:%H $FILE \
| while read COMMIT_ID; do
    echo -n $COMMIT_ID:$FILE:$LINE:
    git show $COMMIT_ID:$FILE | sed -n "$LINE{p;q}"
  done \
| less 

Have I reinvented the wheel? What is its name?

Nov 10, 2015

Arabic Text Bugfix

Can you spot the difference?

If this rings a bell but you can't quite remember why, here's an English version of the screen, and the spoiler for the puzzle is below it:
Spoiler: The line containing "passwd" is clipped at the (left) end, showing only "المحا" instead of "المحلي۔". This bug got popular in the YaST team because the localization testers dutifully reported every instance of a truncated label so the bug accumulated 22 duplicates. It only happened for the Arabic script which made it a bit more challenging to work with, but luckily I know the script and a few words.

Thanks to Max Lin who pointed me to a problem between the Qt UI library and the HarfBuzz text shaping engine, the problem is now fixed.

Aug 2, 2013

YaST in Ruby

As already announced on Factory, yast-devel, and by Lukáš: YaST, the SUSE installation and configuration tool, has been automatically translated from YCP, an in-house custom language, to Ruby. In the past 6 months, we have built a tool to translate 600.000 lines of code developed over the course of 12 years.

My role in the project was mainly shedding light on ancient details of the YCP language and its interpreter. Stop pulling my beard, kids! Also, knowing Bison (the tool used to implement the YCP parser in C++) I designed a part that transfers the comments. Mind you, not only at the function or statement level, but from inside of expressions too. Fun!

Thanks to the team, it was great working on the project with you!

Jul 26, 2011

ruby-dbus 0.7.0 works with 1.9.2 again

I have made a new release of ruby-dbus, a Ruby language binding for the D-Bus IPC system.
  • Added ASystemBus and ASessionBus, non-singletons useful in tests and threads.
  • Fixed handling of multibyte strings (Issue#8, by Takayuki YAMAGUCHI).
  • Allow reopening of a dbus_interface declaration (Issue#9, by T. YAMAGUCHI).
  • Fixed ruby-1.9.2 compatibility again (Issue#12).
  • Fixed authentication on BSD (Issue#11, by Jonathan Walker).
  • Fixed exiting a nested event loop for synchronous calls (reported by Timo Warns).
  • Fixed introspection calls leaking reply handlers.
  • "rake test" now works, doing what was called "rake env:test"
Get a gem from RubyGems.org or an rpm from the openSUSE Build Service.

    May 16, 2011

    LinuxTag 2011 Pictures

    After a problem with the organizers' equipment, kobliha's openSUSE laptop was used to watch the live stream from Skynet I/O Chrome keynote.
    LinuxTag: openSUSE saves the day
    "Rule 1: Stay calm." Ralph Angenendt talks about problem solving.
    LinuxTag: Breathe!
    LinuxTag: Party in Umspannwerk Kreuzberg

    Dec 22, 2010

    network-autoconfig: Find a connected eth interface and create an ifcfg for it

    Use case: I want to create an appliance image for a build farm worker machine. I don't know its hardware configuration beforehand; in particular, it may have multiple network interfaces and I don't want to bother figuring out which is which. I will simply include network-autoconfig.rpm and plug the cable into any socket before booting.

    network-autoconfig helps setting up machines with multiple network interfaces. At the first boot, all available Ethernet interfaces are cycled until one is successfully configured with DHCP.

    I have submitted it to openSUSE:Factory now. Enjoy it in the upcoming openSUSE 11.4!

    It is referenced as Feature#311012. You are welcome to improve it on Gitorious.

    Nov 16, 2010


    dbus-dump is a tool to capture D-Bus messages in a libpcap capture file.

    It takes an idea from dbus-scrape, which processes a strace output of dbus-monitor, and takes it further by stracing dbus-daemon, thus not relying on any eavesdropping (mis)configuration.

    The intended purpose is to establish the libpcap capture format as a base for debugging tools like

    Thanks to Will Thompson for mentioning the pcap idea.


    $ sudo strace -p `pgrep -f 'dbus-daemon --system'` \
        -s 3000 -ttt -xx -o foo.strace
    $ ./dbus-dump foo.strace foo.pcap
    $ ./dbus-pcap-parse foo.pcap
    Tue Nov 16 12:56:47 +0100 2010 #<DBus::Message:0xb741f340
    Tue Nov 16 12:56:47 +0100 2010 #<DBus::Message:0xb741b060


    It is written in Ruby. The pcap format is handled by a small bundled module. dbus-dump has no other dependencies. dbus-pcap-parse uses ruby-dbus.


    This is an early proof-of-concept release, serving to introduce the libpcap format.

    The main problem of dbus-dump is duplicating the messages, seeing them both when the daemon receives them and when it sends them (multiple times, for the signals).

    The other tools haven't caught up yet:

    $ /usr/sbin/tcpdump -r foo.pcap
    reading from file foo.pcap, link-type 231
    tcpdump: unknown data link type 231

    Nov 9, 2010

    ruby-dbus 0.5.0 is a Gem with Errors

    I have made a new release of ruby-dbus, a Ruby language binding for the D-Bus IPC system.
    The main feature is a better binding of Ruby Exceptions to D-Bus Errors. See below for an excerpt of the documentation.
    Perhaps more importantly, the library is now primarily packaged as a RubyGem (Issue#6). Also I converted the tutorial from Webgen to Markdown.
    Bug fixes:
    • Don't pass file descriptors to subprocesses, they would not let go of the service name.
    • Fixed InterfaceElement::validate_name (Ticket#38, by Herwin Weststrate).
    • Fixed a typo in InvalidDestinationName description (Ticket#40).
    RPMs can be found via openSUSE Build Service Search.


    D-Bus calls can reply with an error instead of a return value. An error is translated to a Ruby exception.
    rescue DBus::Error => e
        puts e unless e.name == "org.freedesktop.NetworkManager.AlreadyAsleepOrAwake"

    Replying with an error

    To reply to a dbus_method with a D-Bus error, raise a DBus::Error, as constructed by the error convenience function:
    raise DBus.error("org.example.Error.SeatOccupied"), "Seat #{seat} is occupied"
    If the error name is not specified, the generic org.freedesktop.DBus.Error.Failed is used.
    raise DBus.error, "Seat #{seat} is occupied"
    raise DBus.error

    Aug 29, 2010

    n2n package improved

    Root.cz recently ran an article (in Czech) about the n2n virtual private network sofware, an open alternative to Hamachi. I intend to use it to cross the NAT in my mom's DSL modem so that I can connect to her computer with ssh and VNC.
    Thanks to happyman_eric and Grief, openSUSE Build Service already contained a package. I have made an improved version, adding an init script and a sysconfig file. Get the sources in my home project, or the binaries.

    Aug 20, 2010

    ruby-dbus 0.4.0 with TCP Transport

    I have made a feature release of ruby-dbus, a Ruby language binding for the D-Bus IPC system.
    • TCP transport which pangdudu coded a year ago. At that time I did not feel familiar enough with the library, and the test suite was much smaller too, so that's why it took me so long.
    • Enabled test code coverage report (rcov)
    • Classes should not share all interfaces (Ticket#36/Issue#5)
    • Ruby 1.9 compatibility (Ticket#37, by Myra Nelson)
    RPMs can be found via openSUSE Build Service Search

    Aug 10, 2010

    Who does not want such a gift

    This post is showing naked women packaged as a present (for openSUSE's 5th birthday) and asks Ah... who does not want such a gift, eh.

    I believe that the female users and contributors of openSUSE don't. It reduces them to pretty things, judged on their looks instead of their contribution.

    Raul, please stop such sexist postings. Your blog is your own, but keep it out from Planet openSUSE.

    Just in case common sense is not enough, let me quote for reference the relevant section of the openSUSE Guiding Principles:

    We value... respect for other persons and their contributions, for other opinions and beliefs. We listen to arguments and address problems in a constructive and open way. We believe that a diverse community based on mutual respect is the base for a creative and productive environment enabling the project to be truly successful. We don't tolerate social discrimination and aim at creating an environment where people feel accepted and safe from offense.
    and the activities in order to excel in our goals: Emphasize the value of communication and recognize cultural diversity within our community.

    Aug 5, 2010

    Upgraded to openSUSE 11.3

    I have upgraded my office workstation to openSUSE 11.3 today. Here I document the migration so that you don't have to repeat my mistakes.

    I went via the command line and ventured to keep all additional repos enabled. So switching the repos was done simply by sed -i "s/11\.2/11.3/g" /etc/zypp/repos.d/*

    The KDE session crashed after kdelibs4-core had been updated. No big deal, so I ran zypper dup again.
    The /home directory is mounted via NFS, so filesystem.rpm failed when it wanted to reset the permissions of /home. Updating it explicitly after unmounting /home was easy, only unmounting it was harder because the crashed session left processes still accessing the home. fuser -v /home found them.

    The NFS mount is also authenticated by Kerberos and there is a bug so I got
    mount.nfs: access denied by server while mounting nfs.example.com:/home
    I had to rebuild and update a package and tweak a config file. See bnc#614293 for the details (thanks to mcaj for the reference).

    Jul 22, 2010

    ruby-dbus 0.3.1

    I have made a bug-fix release of ruby-dbus, a Ruby language binding for the D-Bus IPC system.
    • Many on_signal could cause DBus.Error.LimitsExceeded (bnc#617350).
      Don't add a match rule that already exists, enable removing match rules. Now only one handler for a rule is called (but it is possible for one signal to match more rules). This reverts the half-fix done to fix Issue#3.
    • Re-added InterfaceElement#add_param for compatibility.
    • Handle more ways which tell us that a bus connection has died.
    RPMs can be found via Webpin.

    Jul 2, 2010

    Helping Newcomers

    Since the discussion (do check out the linked paper, BTW) and the opensuse-women announcement, I've been thinking about how to make the openSUSE community more friendly to women.

    I think one good way is to make sure that new people feel welcome when they join a conversation, be it on the forums, on IRC or on the mailing lists. Now this would be easier if we all had infinite time to read and answer all questions, but as we don't, I decided to focus somehow.

    The forums provide a handy shortcut for the focus, labeling a user who made few posts as a "Puzzled Penguin". So I've made a simple service, a feed of http://forums.opensuse.org showing only the posts by newcomer users: http://vidner.net/martin/software/rss-creator-blacklist

    (Actually right now it does not show Puzzled Penguins only but instead excludes the 100 most-posting users until I learn how to optimize the PHP code.)

    Jun 30, 2010


    I have started working on kiwi2puppet, a tool to convert KIWI image descriptions to Puppet manifests.

    The goal is to recycle the data that went into the building of an image and use it for managing a deployed appliance.

    So far it is a prototype that can write these resources
    • package
    • yumrepo
    • user
    • group
    It is written in Ruby, like Puppet.

    Source at GitHub: http://github.com/mvidner/kiwi2puppet
    RPMs: http://software.opensuse.org/search?q=kiwi2puppet&baseproject=ALL (currently it is a single Ruby script, so at the moment RPMs are not worth any trouble)
    Novell Reference: FATE#309497

    Get in touch if you're interested.

    In case you didn't know:
    "The openSUSE KIWI Image System provides a complete operating system image solution for Linux supported hardware platforms as well as for virtualisation systems like Xen Qemu or VMware."
    "Puppet is an open source data center automation and configuration management framework. Puppet provides system administrators with a simplified platform that allows for consistent, transparent, and flexible systems management."

    Mar 28, 2010

    ruby-dbus 0.3.0 Works on Ubuntu

    ruby-dbus has for a long time not worked on the default Ubuntu desktop. I thought I had fixed it in 0.2.12 but that was only for the server side. In fact, clients had another bug and I have released version 0.3.0 today to fix it.

    Bug fixes:
    • Fixed "undefined method `get_node' for nil:NilClass" on Ubuntu Karmic (Ticket#34).
    • Get the session bus address even if unset in ENV (Issue#4).
    • Improved exceptions a bit: UndefinedInterface, InvalidMethodName, NoMethodError, no RuntimeException
    These are by Klaus Kaempf:
    • Make the signal dispatcher call all handlers (Issue#3).
    • Run on Ruby < 1.8.7 (Issue#2).
    • Avoid needless DBus::IncompleteBufferException (Ticket#33).
    • Don't ignore DBus Errors in request_service, raise them (Ticket#32).
    • Automatic signature inference for variants.
    • Introduced FormalParameter where a plain pair had been used.
    RPMs can be found via Webpin.

    Feb 18, 2010


    [S]ometimes, when you are designing systems it is hard to realize that the circular friction reduction device with a central axis that you have just built is, in fact, a wheel.

    -- Russ Olsen, Design Patterns in Ruby, p.4

    Jan 24, 2010

    Service Activation Fixed in ruby-dbus 0.2.12

    Today I fixed a long-standing bug in ruby-dbus where a service activated by the bus would fail with "undefined method `get_node' for nil:NilClass" (tickets #25 and #29).
    RPMs can be found via Webpin.

    Nov 9, 2009

    Live upgrade from openSUSE 11.0 to 11.2

    Article update: it turns out many people come here hoping to find a solution and are disappointed to find only problems that I encountered.. Sorry, that's too bad. Until someone figures out a way to do it online, your best option is to boot off the Network installation CD (100MB).

    On Saturday I upgraded my wife's laptop from openSUSE 11.0 to 11.2 RC. I did it using zypper dup, and there were some problems so here I describe them for the benefit of others who might try the same.
    1. Edited /etc/zypp/repos.d/* to replace all 11.0 occurences with 11.2. It worked also for Packman and Videolan.
    2. zypper in zypper offered a suspiciously large update. It turned out it wanted to switch from x86_64 to i586, boo! The fix was zypper in zypper.x86_64\>1
    3. That did not go well. It installed the new rpm.rpm and then repo2solv failed, terminating the transaction. After that, I had the old libzypp and the new zypper, not working. So I manually downloaded the libraries and installed them using rpm, ignoring the broken dependencies for the yast2-* packages.
    4. Changed commit.downloadMode to DownloadInHeaps in /etc/zypp/zypp.conf, which exists primarily to avoid the previous problem. But Murphy does know when to strike.
    5. zypper dup
    Note that from 11.1 to 11.2, I used the live upgrade method without such problems. But for 11.0, you may be better off booting from an installation disc.

    Nov 2, 2009

    The suse-ncc User

    Got a question about the purpose of suse-ncc:x:106:110:Novell Customer Center User:/var/lib/YaST2/suse-ncc-fakehome:/bin/bash, and Google did not know, so I asked the usual suspects.

    Answer: It comes from yast2-registration.rpm and is used to switch away from root when we spawn the web browser and let you register your SUSE Linux Enterprise product.

    Thanks, mc.

    Oct 15, 2009

    resolv.conf empty, resolv.conf.netconfig ate the data

    Problem: After a reboot, /etc/resolv.conf says just # Generated by NetworkManager and the real data went to /etc/resolv.conf.netconfig. I have both eth0 and wlan0 activated by NM. My setup does not involve dial-up like Seife's.

    rcnetwork stop
    rm /etc/resolv.conf.netconfig
    : > /etc/resolv.conf
    rcnetwork start
    I wonder if this is a bug. Anyway, hopefully this will help someone. openSUSE 11.2 RC1.

    Oct 9, 2009

    WebYaST Beta 1

    We have released Beta 1 of WebYaST. Just to prevent misunderstandings, it is intended for appliances (and Beta 1 is an appliance, a VMX for VirtualBox or VMWare), not for replacing YaST on the desktop.

    Download links are in the 0.0.13 status mail, see also the module status and the replies.

    Oct 2, 2009

    I Will Write the Tests Later

    I've read A New Look at Test-Driven Development, a 7 page article by Dave Astels. He explains that what matters is to think of specifications (@list.size.should_equal 1) instead of tests (assert_equal @list.size, 1). He wrote RSpec for this and calls it Behavior Driven Development (BDD).
    I need to try this out in WebYaST (this, or Shoulda).

    Sep 24, 2009

    openSUSE Conference 2009 Notes: Thursday

    Here are my notes from the first day of last week's openSUSE Cponference 2009. I am not happy with the form of the notes, but better now and imperfect than polished but 6 months later. Please notify me if you find errors.

    Thanks to all who stood up to talk about their work! Not only code matters.

    Thu 10:30 - Weekly News (Sascha 'saigkill' Manns)

    slides: odp pdf

    The slides have all the info.

    how to contribute:
    • add a section, fill it with news
    • blog about stuff, to get picked up
    • translate or coordinate a translation
    (there's a list of languages most wanting help)

    A major part of slides shows how to help with translation.
    There are tools to help with that:
    - a script in home:dl9pf:newsletter
    - Gobby, a collaborative editor

    irc channel

    About Sascha: he is geeky-quiet, reads the slides.
    But he goes forward and is not put back by imperfections in his English.
    (And you may remember his tireless packaging enterprises from

    Thu 10:30 - Apport (did not attend)

    Uploads crash reports to a database. Already in 11.1 but not by default.

    Thu 11:30 - Ambassador Program (Zonker)

    web (no slides)

    To be an ambassador:
    • sign up
    • have a plan
    • membership is not required
    • organize a party, booth, launch party (11.2 on Nov 12)
    • participate in a Linux User Group
    Where to spend $ on small events?
    • ambassadors will decide, wanting cost effective impact
    What if you want a Novell speaker at your event?
    • it comes from their travel budget, not from the Ambassador budget
    How to find a local ambassador?
    Q: can ambassadors take feedback about barriers to oS adoption?
    A: there is no process for that, give feedback directly to developers [ :-( ]

    Thu 13:30 - libyui (Bubli)

    Q (R Max): can its main loop integrate with a select on FDs?
    A: no [ but not hard? ]

    Thu 14:30 - openSUSE Infrastructure (Klaas Freitag)

    [see slides]
    Lists a cloud of existing services
    Lists ideas for future services
    Wants "more structure and integration" - for 3 target groups:
    - newbies
    - users
    - geeks (developers)
    Proposal for web navigation [photo of slide]. See it!
    Demoes Tom's Dashboard: plugins for Studio, Bugzilla, RSS (-> OBS via Hermes)

    Thu 15:30 - Software Portal (Benjamin benJIman Weber, Pascal yaloki Bleser)


    Aug 31, 2009

    Printing Out Ruby Code

    Task: producing a paper copy of a Ruby program to scribble on.

    Try 1: a2ps. openSUSE has 4.13 which does not support Ruby (although 4.14 was released on 28-Dec-2007).

    Try 2: enscript. No support for Ruby even in upstream (but there exists a patch for that on the Net).

    Try 3: emacs. I was not able to produce a highlighted printout from Emacs :-(

    Try 4: vim. :hardcopy does it, but it printed the keywords in light yellow on white.

    Try 5: kwrite. Success. Yay!

    Aug 26, 2009

    ruby-dbus 0.2.9

    I have released a tarball of 0.2.9 and updated the home page.

    From NEWS: Ruby D-Bus "I'm not dead" 0.2.9 - 2009-08-26

    Thank you to Paul and Arnaud for starting the project. I, Martin Vidner, am continuing with it on GitHub.
    • Fixed passing an array through a variant (no ticket).
    • Fixed marshalling "av" (Ticket #30).
    • Fixed variant alignment (Ticket #27).
    • Added DBus::Main.quit.
    • Mention the DBus interface in a NameError for an unknown method.
    • Fixed ruby-1.9 "warning: default `to_a' will be obsolete".
    • Added Rakefile and gemspec.

    Aug 24, 2009

    Git Aliases for Subversion Users

    git config --global alias.ci commit
    git config --global alias.co checkout
    git config --global alias.st status
    git config --global alias.di diff
    git config --global alias.dic diff\ --cached

    Aug 11, 2009

    cnetworkmanager 0.21

    As I advertised in a previous post, cnetworkmanager got a complete rewrite, and here is a summary of the changes:

    v0.21, User visible changes
    • Added screenshots.html.
    • Output in a tabular form (like Tambet's nmcli); --terse/-t to disable.
    • Added --wireless-enabled/--we.
    • Added --con-info.
    • For unimplemented device types, return "unknown", crash not (Kevin Fenzi).
    • Ignore AlreadyAsleepOrAwake error (-o).
    • Flags with zero value now output its name (NONE) instead of nothing.
    • Major rewrite:
    • Created a library wrapping the NM DBus API.
    • Created a generic library wrapping python-dbus.
      (both libraries are still quite messy)
    • Dropped support for NM 0.6.
      (the last trace is in the 'breakup' branch)
    • Connection setting:
      --activate-connection for system settings or another applet
      --connect for exporting a transient connection
    • knetworkmanager (KDE3) config reading dropped
    • Added a (basic) testsuite.
    • Switched to distutils.
    BTW, I also pushed the git repo to Github so that you can enjoy the fork graphs. (repo.or.cz stays)